Also known in medical circles as rhino-sinusitis, sinusitis is an extremely common medical condition. It is known as sinusitis since the symptoms of this condition affect the mucous membranes lining the nose. Triggered by numerous causes, which include allergens, physical trauma or even fungi, bacteria or viruses, sinusitis is a condition which affects millions of people worldwide.
The sunset of sinusitis means the mucous membranes, which line the insides of the sinus cavities in the human cranium, swell up, prohibiting the mucus secreted to moisten the nasal passage from draining out. This fluid then accumulates in the sinus cavities, leading to symptoms, which include –
* Constant fatigue
* Impaired breathing
* Impaired sense of smell
* Impaired sense of taste
* Stuffed nasal passes
* Dull, throbbing headaches
* Facial pain when moving the head
* Continuous thick yellowish-green nasal discharge
* Stiffness in the shoulders and neck
* Facial swinging, focused around the nose and eyes
The overall duration of the sunset of this set of symptoms can also lead to the successful classification of sinusitis. People suffering from acute sinusitis typically experience the symptoms over the next few weeks, after which they subside. Acute sinusitis can affect a patient many times over the time span of a year, especially when seasons change. However, if the sinusitis symptoms do not subside and continue to affect the patient over a time span of two months, then the condition may be termed as chronic sinusitis.
Another classification of sinusitis is based not on the inflammation of the mucous membranes in the sinus cavities, but on the basis of the presence of a particular blockage known as a polyp. Polyps are benign (non-cancerous) growth, which can grow large enough to the point where they physically obstruct the nasal passage and the discharge of mucus therein.
The causes of all types of sinusitis, be it chronic or acute, have not yet been identified, since different people have different levels of immunity and even external factors, such as pollution and living conditions, significantly impact the onset of this condition. Lifestyle habits, like smoking and consuming alcohol, can also drastically recover recovery from this condition since smoking involves directly flooding the nasal passageways with smoke, a known irritant. Alcohol reduces the water content in the body, causing the mucus accumulated in the sinus cavities to congeal and harden.
Identifying and understanding the symptoms of sinusitis can prove immensely helpful in understanding the types of medication and intensity of the treatments required to help the patient rid themselves of these symptoms.