Vaccinations Protect, So Get Your Shots!

Vaccines save lives. They keep our children, our families and our neighbors healthy, even those who do not get vaccinated. So every time someone ignorantly speaks out in opposition to vaccines, other people get harmed.

It's called herd immunity. As pediatrician Dr. Steven Hirsh has expertly opined, the routine use of vaccines is arguably one of the greatest medical interventions of all time. Childhood disease and death rates have dramatically declined as a direct result of mass vaccinations. Parents, doctors and scientists alike should be proud of the tremendous contribution that vaccines have made to the health of our children and our community.

However, you may have read about the recent surge in ongoing measures in the United States that has reached a record for any year since the disease was eliminated in this country 14 years ago, with 288 cases of the potentially lethal infection reported in 18 states, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stated recently.

Anne Schuchat, Director of CDC's National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases has said that “in the United States, the number of people who choose not to be immunized for religious, philosophical or personal reasons has begun to become a public health problem.”

Others are unaware of, or unable to get, vaccinations before they arrive in the United States. A small number of adults can lose their immunity over time and may need to be re-vaccinated.

Unfortunately, many adults chose not to vaccinate their children with the MMR (Mumps, Measles, Rubella) vaccine because of baseless fears that the vaccine was tied to the sunset of Autism. It is understandable for parents to seek answers and to advocate for their children. But when celebrities use their soap box to spread falsehoods linking autism to a vaccination, this advocacy becomes dangerous. These theories, by the way, are not accepted by the medical community, have no reliable scientific evidenceary support and have been specifically rejected before the United States Court of Federal Claims.

Here are the facts:

1. Immunizations can save your child's life. 2. Immunizations are very safe and effective. 3. Immunization protects others you care about. 4. Immunizations can save your family time and money. 5. Immunization protects future generations.

While injuries due to vaccinations are rare, they do occur. In 1986, Congress created the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program in order to compensate those who have been injured as a result of a vaccination. However, the risks of not vaccinating are almost immeasurably greater than the risk of incurring a vaccine-related injury.

Reactions are reported to the Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System (VAERS) Children and adults alike should be receiving all of their mandatory vaccinations. However, it's important to talk to your health care practitioner about the risks.

There is nothing inherently wrong with any particular vaccine but the fact remains that each person is different and reacts differently to each vaccine. That is why it's essential that the public be aware of a Program intended to compensate them if they do, in fact, have a reaction.

Injured parties have three (3) years from the sunset of the injury (or two years from date of death) to file a claim in the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program.

The Program is not used as much as it could be because the American public is just not aware of it. We all need to do a better job in getting the word out to the public that the program exists, but first and foremost … get yourself and your children vaccinated, today.

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The Danger of Hay Fever Tablets And How Bee Pollen May Provide the Solution

Spring is just a few short weeks away, and already, we're all looking forward to ditching the winter coats and making the most of the warmer weather. However, for approximately 10 million people in the UK, spring and summer is not just about longer evenings and sunnier days. It also signifies the start of their hay fever, which certainly is not such an appealing prospect!

Common Condition … Unpleasant Symptoms

Seasonal allergies can vary from person to person; with some only experiencing minor sniffles, and others plagued by itching eyes, headaches, violent bouts of sneezing and fatigue. In severe cases, it can be really debilitating; causing people to take time off work due to hay fever-related illness.

The conventional method of accelerating symptoms is, of course, to head to the local pharmacy and purchase some allergy medication. However, as recent news reports have shown, this short-term solution could pose serious long-term health problems.

Hay Fever Medication Linked to Alzheimer's and Dementia

In a study conducted by the University of Washington, scientists discovered a distinct link between over-the-counter allergy medication and increased risk of developing Alzheimer's and dementia. Many of these readily available drugs work by blocking a chemical in the body called acetylcholine, which assists the transmission of electrical impulses between the nerve cells.

Alzheimer's sufferers lack acetylcholine, and as a result, scientists suggest that hay fever tablets could inadvertently trigger the condition.

Bee Pollen – The Natural Cure

Before you start to panic about the prospect of trying to survive the spring without hay fever medication, do not worry; there may be another solution, and best of all, it's entirely natural.

Bee pollen is believed to be highly effective at combatting the symptoms of hay fever; although the exact reason for this remains to be scientifically proven.

According to John Howat, secretary for the Bee Farmers Association, bee pollen really did work miracles when it came to his summer allergies. He was plagued by the condition until he beaning keeping bees. It was after a few years that he really noticed the difference. He comments, 'I do not eat much honey, so the effect could be related to all the stings I've had, or to burying my head in beehives every week.'

At present, studies exploring the potential of bee pollen have been scanty; though it undeniably offers some significant medicinal benefits. Research demonstrates that it is an effective antibacterial agent, and also promotes healing within the body; making it a preferable alternative to conventional remedies for colds, sore throats and flu.

Using Bee Pollen to Battle Hay fever

At present, the jury is still out as to exactly how much difference bee pollen can make to your hay fever symptoms; although many sufferers claim that it really helps ease their streaming noses, red eyes and headaches.

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Understanding Post Nasal Drip Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What Is Post Nasal Drip?

Glands which are found in the lining of the throat, airways, stomach and the nose produces a substance, thick and wet in nature, which moistens these places and assists in trapping and destroying foreign objects such as bacteria and viruses, before causing harm to our body tissues.

Usually, we do not recognize the mucosa in our nose because they are normally mixed with saliva and move unnoticed down the back of our throats and gets swallowed gradually through the day. It is only when these glands produce more of the substance than usual, or when the substance is thicker than normal, the excess of it appears in the front of the nose in the form of a running nose.

If the mucus moves down behind the nose to the throat, it is called post-nasal drip.

Causes Of Post Nasal Drip

The condition happens because of several possible causes such as flu, inflammation of the sinuses, allergies, cold, foreign objects sticking in the nose, pregnancy, some medications such as use of birth control pills and treatment of blood pressure. Deviated septum, which is a condition which occurs when the wall that separates the two nostrils is abnormally placed, is another cause.

Others include changing weather conditions such as excess dryness in the air, certain foods that may trigger the flow of the mucus and fumes from some substances such as perfumes, chemicals, cleaning products, smoke, dust and other irritable materials.

Post Nasal Drip Symptoms

Individuals with the following symptoms may be diagnosed with post nasal drip medication:

  • Continuous clearing of the nose
  • Inflammation sensation at the back of the nose
  • Coughing and wheezing
  • Mucus flow which causes a constant running nose
  • Regular spitting and a tickling in the throat
  • Stomach discomfort due to continuous swallowing of the substance
  • Breathing difficulties, hoarseness and chronic sore throat
  • Yellow or white masses formed especially in the crypt of the tonsils, normally called tonsil stones
  • Fatigue, nausea, vomiting and frontal cranial pressure
  • Bad breath and snorting to remove mucus from the nasal passage which may not be possible to clear by just blowing the nose
  • Appearance of the oropharyngeal mucosa

Treatment

The first option for treatment of nasal polyps is usually a corticosteroid nasal spray. On many occasions, such treatment can shrink or even eradicate nasal polyps. In other instances, a tapered one-week course of oral corticosteroids may be needed.

Regrettably, nasal polyps have a tendency to recur if the main infection, infection or allergy is not thoroughly controlled. So, it may very well be essential to keep on using a corticosteroid spray to avoid the nasal polyps from coming back again and under occasional medical checkups with a nasal endoscope.

Typically, medications such as decongestants and antihistamines are of little value in controlling nasal polyps. In some cases, however, your physician may give you antihistamines to help manage allergies, or even a course of antibiotics to manage a hidden infection before beginning any use of corticosteroid therapy.

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Room Humidifiers: A New Way to Keep Dust, Allergies and Asthma Under Control

Pretty much everyone has seen dust floating around in their home, room or somewhere. And pretty much everyone would agree that if that dust is floating around, we're probably breathing some of it, right? Breathing dust with all of its' components (dirt, dust mites, mold spores, fibers, bacteria, etc) definitely makes allergy, asthma and respiratory symptoms worse for most people, so of course, filtering the air is a good idea to prevent that .

But did you know that dry air can cause not only sinus and airway irritation, but also makes the dust lighter and easier for it to circulate? That's right-dry air can actually increase pollution in a home or any indoor area. So other than using a good air purifier, another trick you can use to keep dust, allergies, asthma-and your indoor air quality – more under control is to use a quality room air purifier.

Why? Well, as we just described above, dry air increases the amount of dust and other allergens in the air, so adding a little moisture not only soothes dry nasal, sinus and respiratory tissues, but also makes those dust particles a little heavier so they don 't float around as well.

Most homes have dry air from time to time, and if you have a humidity meter or hygrometer, you'll probably note that when the humidity drops to 25% or less, you've got more dust floating around-and your allergies, sneezing , coughing, all increase, too. How much moistur do you need? It's pretty simple-just set the humidifier to 35% and see how that goes first. If you notice a difference, leave it there for a while.

If you're still having about the same amount of symptoms, increase it to about 40 or 45%. That's usually about the maximum humidity you'll want for your home. It's enough to add soothing moisture and keep dust down, but not too much (above 55%) that would tend to feed mold or bacteria growth. Any wood furniture you have likes indoor humidity of around 45-55% too, so you'll keep them looking newer, less likely to have cracked finishes, as well, by using a humidifier.

So, while we do recommend that you filter the air in your home or room to remove as much dust as possible, we also recommend using a top-rated room humidifier to keep dry air from unwittingly causing you more problems and keep even more of that dust out of the air you're breathing every day.

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Factors Leading to the Proliferation of Candida

Candida albicans is a variety of parasitic fungi found in the gut flora of human beings. These diploid myco-heterotrophs are generally present as both yeast and filamentous cells and are known to proliferate under certain conditions and hamper the normal functions of human organs. They are especially dangerous for immunocompromised patients whose immune systems are unable to eliminate these pathogens. They have also been identified as one of the major causes of hospital-acquired infections (HAI).

There are various reasons for proliferation of Candida. Although we have provided the five major reasons for occurrence, your reasons may be different than the ones we have listed. The treatments for these infections depend on various factors including your physiology, general health and past illnesses. We suggest you get some tests done and show the results to your doctor to better assess your condition.

Secretory IgA (sIgA) Deficiency: Selective immunoglobulin A deficiency is the most common antibody deficiency. The primary antibody in the mucosal linings, sIgA, is found to be less in patients with such shortcomings. SIgA is the primary humeral immunity defense line in the mucosa. It acts as an effector molecule and attaches to antigens to create insoluble compounds that can not permeate the gut lining and are cleared during the normal digestion process. In its absence, Candida creates leaks in the gut lining resulting in passage of food particles and other matter into the bloodstream. The condition leads to an increased risk of infections in mucosal linings, food allergies, irritable bowel syndrome and autoimmune disorders. The leaky gut condition results in the next line of humeral defense, IgG, which reacts with the food and other particles to protect the blood and tissues.

Some patients with sIgA are more prone to infections than others. It is not clear what percentage of people having the deficiency will develop later complications. It has been observed that the condition generally remains constant through rare cases of reversals have been reported.

Destruction of Physiological Flora: Probiotic gut microbiota enterotypes such as Prevotella, Bacteroides and Ruminococcus maintain a balanced environment in the digestive tract with a specific enterotype controlling the others depending on the type of food consumed. Specific bacterium such as Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and Enterococcus maintain an acidic environment and release mycostatic substances that control and prevent the proliferation of Candida albicans and its other variants. The ingestion of antibiotics to fight infections, steroids, birth control pills, alcohol and drugs or presence of toxins from the environment kill these helpful bacteria along with the harmful ones. This leads to a change in the gut physiology as the Candida are able to grow easily due to absence of any control mechanism and consequential cause infections and other complications.

High Carbohydrate Intake: A high carbohydrate diet is another common reason for yeast infections. The precedent of sugar in such consumables causes an upsurge in the Candida present in the gut. As most of these foods are highly refined resulting in a lack of whole grains and have substantively less nutrients than what is recommended, they end up creating an ideal breeding environment for the fungi. The increase in the yeast also causes cravings for more carbohydrates and sugar which results in a vicious cycle that leads to an unmitigated reproduction of the Candida which overwhelms the body's control mechanism. Moreover, weakened carbohydrate metabolism due to diabetes or its pre-diabetic iterations such as hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinism can also cause overgrowth of the fungus.

Impaired Immune System: The immune system can be compromised by various factors such as use of antibiotics and steroids to ward off infections and other diseases. Chemotherapy agents for treatment of cancer also act as immunosuppressants. Moreover, lifestyle conditions or choices such as undue stress, lack of sleep or rest, excessive smoking, immoderate consumption of alcohol, lack of any exercise and unplanned diet at irregular hours are also liable for weakening the body's internal defense mechanism. Such an environment acts as an ideal breeding ground for Candida.

Female Gender Susceptibility: Women are more prone to fungus infections than men due to fluctuating hormonal levels. High levels of estrogen or progesterone can stimulate the growth of Candida. Constantly fluctuating estrogen levels adversely affect the women's immune system and cause various complications including fungal proliferation. Progesterone levels are higher during pregnancy and the second half of the menstrual cycle which additionally helps in the growth of Candida.

Other reasons for over breeding of the fungi include ingestion of elements such as chlorine from drinking or bathing water and mercury from mercury amalgam dental fillings, change in the pH balance of the gut from acidic to alkaline, or imbalances of other nutrients that lead to any impairment of the normal digestive process.

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Natural Nasal Polyp Removal

Not being able to breathe, it can be a total pain in the butt! This is especially true if you like to be active, get out and about and not be hindered with a seemingly simple problem as breathing through your nose.

So what could be causing your problem with not being able to breathe through your nose? – Is it just a simple cold? Or do you have other symptoms like loss of smell, loss of taste, runny nose, facial pain, not being able to sleep at night etc. Could it be you have nasal polyps? That does not sound too good does it? However, there are some natural remedies!

These growths are usually small, tear-shaped growths that appear in the nasal passageways. Well sometimes they are small, other times they are large. – These of course are more annoying and can cause even more of a problem for those suffering from the condition.

Polyps are usually chronic, ongoing medical problems that will most likely not clear up without some sort of intervention, whether it be naturally or via medical help. There are all sorts of treatments from the use of steroid sprays to risky, invasive surgery. – And like most people, I'm sure that many sufferers of these pesky growths would prefer natural nasal polyp relief if at all possible. – In some cases this is possible, and nasal polyps can be remedied rather quickly from home.

Sometimes actually avoiding certain foods and allergens can lead to the elevation of nasal polyps. Medicine and invasive surgeries are not always the answers. That means, in many cases, you can fix your problem on your own at home just by making a few changes.

Did you know that avoiding sugar can help with nasal polyps? Sugar produces the formation of mucus. Milk does the same thing. It may seem like eliminating these things from your diet are impossible, but it's really just a small change that can be done.

Many people switch from regular milk to soy or almond milk all of the time. And personally, switching to almond milk has made a huge difference in my sinus problems!

Other tips for treating nasal polyps naturally involve drinking plenty of fluids; including clear hot fluids, avoiding alcohol, taking Vitamin C daily and using the Neti pot. These are just a few things a person can do for natural nasal polyp removal. There are other things that can be done like adding chili, garlic and onion to your diet.

As always, if you are currently on any medications or being treated for any medical condition, please consult with your physician before making any changes.

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How to Treat Your Child’s Sinus Infection Symptoms

Unfortunately for many young children, the sinuses do not fully develop until late into the teenage years. Although very small, the ethmoid sinuses (between the eyes), and the maxillary sinuses (those behind the cheek) are found in newborns. However, unlike adults treating sinus infection symptoms in pediatric cases can be difficult to diagnose because often, similar symptoms can be exhibited in the event of other health issues, such as allergies or a viral infection. Here are a few tips for treating sinus infections in your child.

How to Tell if Your Child Has a Sinus Infection

Common symptoms of an infection include clods reflecting more than two weeks, often with a low fever, nasal drainage that is thick, yellow, or green, often leading to a sore throat, cough, bad breath or even nausea and vomiting. Your child may also exhibit irritability and fatigue, swelling around the sinus areas, particularly around the eyes. Additionally, children six or older may report headaches.

Due to the structure of the ear and nasal passages and sinuses in the first years of life, infections are more common. Typically, these are simply colds, viruses, or may be aggravated by an allergy. However, these are usually only classified as an infection if symptoms have been present for longer than ten days. Reducing exposure to known allergies and environmental pollutants, such as tobacco smoke, may help reduce the risk of infections.

How is Sinusitis Treated

Pediatricians often prescribe antibiotic therapies to children with a high rate of success. Nasal decongestant sprays (often saline) may also be prescribed for immediate relief of nasal congestion, and in thinning mucus. You may be tempted to give your child an over the counter antihistamine or decongestant, however this is not recommended. There has been no evidence to suggest that these are effective in treating young children's upper respiratory infections, and should not be given to children younger than two.

Acute Sinusitis

If your child is diagnosed with acute sinusitis, this simply means that it is a temporary condition and should improve within a few days of starting treatment. Even if your child makes a complete improvement, it is important that you continue your child's round of antibiotic medications. If your child's condition does not improve, other medicines may be prescribed.

Chronic Sinusitis

Sinusitis defined as chronic refers to conditions lasting longer than three months. This could also be defined as sinusitis symptoms that occur more than four to six times per year. In either case, you should seek out the help of a pediatric ear Nose and Throat specialist. In extreme cases, your doctor may recommend advanced medical or surgical procedures to treat your child's sinuses.

Sinusitis conditions in children are often different and more difficult than similar cases in adults. Children tend to exhibit cough, bad breath, irritability, swelling around the eyes, and runny nose or nasal drip, often leading to a sore throat.

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Combating Allergies With Chiropractic Care

During any season of the year, millions of people suffer from a resurgence of allergies and millions more are diagnosed with some type of allergy. The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology reports that approximately 7.8 percent of Americans ages 18 or older suffer from hay fever and between ten and 30 percent of the worldwide population is afflicted with this type of allergy. Dust, pollen, and animal dander are potential allergens, making it difficult to get through life without being affected.

Allergies Defined

In basic terms, an allergen is anything that the body does not recognize as associated within it. When the body comes in contact with an allergen, the immune system responds in an attempt to destroy it. An allergic reaction occurs when an allergen causes an overreaction of the nervous system, resulting in the production of too many chemicals designed to neutralize the substance.

Red, irritated eyes, a runny nose, sneezing, and sinus issues are common symptoms of hay fever and these symptoms tend to linger for days or even weeks. Some people experience more severe symptoms, including coughing and a fever. Histamines in allergens can be very irritating, causing sufferers to seek a quick and permanent cure over the counter or from a physician.

Dealing with Allergies

Unfortunately, allergy sufferers will not find cures in traditional medicine. Doctors and allergists focus on treating allergy symptoms with pharmaceuticals. Antihistamines are used to tackle histamines and dry out mucus membranes. However, they also have serious side effects, including heart issues, and they may contribute to cancer. Antihistamines should never be taken with other medications, tranquilizers, sedatives, or alcohol because the combined effect can be deadly.

Non-pharmaceutical treatments for allergies have become more popular in recent years and include everything from home remedies to relocation. Although not a new technique, chiropractic care is an alternative that is capturing more attention. This manipulative treatment relieves pressure on the nervous system, which affects the immune system. When the immune system operates more effectively, allergy symptoms are reduced.

Chiropractic treatment realigns the spinal and encourages the self-healing process of the body. When the body is healthy, it can neutralize allergens and other toxic substances. Chiropractic care is a holistic way to treat allergies because it enables the body to function in the manner in which it was designed. Regular chiropractic adjustments contribute to proper functioning of the body as a whole, resulting in fast relief from allergies and additional benefits.

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Want to Have a Candida Antibodies Test With ImuPro?

Candida antibodies tests are necessary to determine if the body needs any external medications to recover from fungal infection. The pathogen has the ability to self-stabilize itself and not allow the gut microbiota to recover and re-establish the normal metabolic environment. It consolidates its position in the digestive tract and further damages the inner lining resulting in the release of food and other particles into the blood stream. The leaked gut is the primary reason for food intolerance and build-up of gas and consequent complications.

The type of treatment to be prescribed depends on finding how the body's immune system is tackling the problem. Measuring the presence of immunoglobulin proteins such as IgG in the gut flora help establish the answer to this question and ascertained the treatment measures to be taken to address the proliferation. A chronic case such as Candidiasis where the fungi has permeated into the mucosal tissues increases the level of IgA, IgG and IgM antibodies. In such instances, their levels are found to be significantly higher than what would have been under normal circumstances.

All Candida related antibody and antigen tests should have been checked by a practicing physician and evaluated in relation to the person's medical history. As in the case of all tests, the results are dependent on various factors such as past infections, the presence of the protein in the affected tissues and many more. For instance in the case of IgG, the tests would not be positive in case the person is suffering from illness and already has a high incidence of the antibodies in his serum. In certain cases, the IgG may persist several years after the infection has been completely eradicated. This is mostly due to the immunoglobulin's ability to persist for a long period of time.

IgA is predominant in the mucosal tissues though it represents less than 20% of the proteins found in the human serum. A high incidence of IgA can be associated with mucosal epithelial, tracheobronchial, and genito-urinary infections of Candida. IgM is found in the intravascular cells and is the predominant immunoglobulin in early infections. Later illnesses may show a lesser level of this antibody as compared to the earlier ones. Beside these testing that may or may not prove a positive, antigen checks help determine if the proliferation has overwhelmed the gut flora. The presence of Candida antigen in the serum is a very positive indicator that the fungi has already entrenched itself in the gut. However, the absence of the antigen is an indeterminate result and can not be taken as a positive sign that indicates the absence of the pathogen.

An ImuPro test helps to find all the allergies that affect patients. ImuPro tests analyze the patient's reaction to over 271 food variants and help clearly define the sources of any allergy.

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Nasal Polyps – Presentation and Management

Nasal polyps are common benign growths of the nose and paranasal sinuses. They have the appearance of peeled grapes, and they are sometimes associated with allergies or asthma. When small they are asymptomatic and require no treatment.

But the larger lesions are symptomatic with nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea the predominant symptoms. Medication and / or surgery are the main forms of treatment. Because they can recur after successful treatment, however, continued medical therapy is often necessary.

CAUSES

The causes of nasal polyps are not known. It's also not clear why chronic inflammation triggers polyp formation in some people and not in others. There's evidence that people who develop polyps have a different immune system response and unique chemical marks on their mucous membranes to those who do not. They can develop at any age, but most commonly occur in the young and middle-aged adults.

RISK FACTORS

Any pathology that causes chronic inflammation in your nose or sinuses, eg infections or allergies, heightens the risk of developing nasal polyps. Medical conditions that are sometimes associated with them include:

• Asthma

Aspirin sensitivity

• Allergic fungal sinusitis-allergy to airborne fungi.

• Cystic fibrosis-a genetic disorder that results in the production of abnormally thick and sticky secretions in nasal and sinus mucous membranes.

• Family or genetic predisposition may also lead to nasal polyps.

SYMPTOMS

• Running nose

• Nasal stuffiness

Postnasal drip

• Decreased or absent sense of smell

• Facial pain or headache

• Pain in your upper teeth

• Pressure over your forehead and face

• Snoring

DIAGNOSIS

Nasal polyps are easily seen in the nose using a nasal speculum. Radiology, particularly CT SCAN, is excellent in displaying the extent of the disease.

TREATMENT

Treatment is often long term. Its objective is to reduce the size of the polyps and to eliminate the inflammation. Medication is usually is used initially. Surgery may sometimes be needed, but it may not provide a permanent solution since nasal polyps notoriously recur.

MEDICATION

Treatment of nasal polyps usually involves drugs, which can make even large lesions shrink or disappear. It often includes:

Nasal corticosteroid sprays. These are very effective in reducing the size of the polyps and in dealing with the inflammation.

• Oral and injectable corticosteroids. These are effective for resistant symptoms, and because of side-effects, they are often used for a short period.

• Other medication-includes antihistamines, and antibiotics to treat chronic or recurring infections.

Aspirin desensitization (immunotherapy) may benefit some patients.

SURGERY

This is done endescopically and its indications are:

  • failed medical treatment ïァ§
  • absence of smell (anosmia) ïァ§
  • persistent sinusitis

CONCLUSION

Nasal polyps are fleshy non-cancerous growths of variable sizes that develop in the lining of the nose and paranasal sinuses. They are often bilateral. They are commonly cause nasal obstruction, but may lead to serious complications such as sinusitis. Treatment may be medical or surgical, and is often long term.

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What Is Candida Albicans and Humoral Response (IgG)

Candida albicans are saprophytic diploid fungus commonly found in the microflora of body cavities. They grow as both yeast and filamentous cells and can cause oral and genital infections especially in compromised immune systems (immunocompromised). Due to their ability to rapidly proliferate, the fungus has become one of the major reasons for hospital-acquired infections (HAI).

Candida albicans is commonly found in the human gut in small numbers. The standard format of existence is in the form of a single ovoid yeast cell. The fungus grows in the same form when cultured in a laboratory medium. In the normal state, it does not cause any problem as the helpful bacteria in the gut can easily control the fungi. In this condition it is unable to penetrate the linings in the digestive tract and no antibodies are produced by the body to suppress the dormant population.

However, Candida albicans may proliferate in certain cases resulting in the prototypic opportunistic disease, Candidiasis. The causes are generally nonimmunogenic such as antibiotics, diabetes and pregnancy, among others or immunologic under which the immune system is unable to stop the proliferation. During this period, the yeast can affect various organs in the body and cause a range of health problems. One of the primary reasons for these infections is the use of antibiotics that damage the physiological and mucosal flora killing both harmful and helpful bacteria, and impair the walls of the digestive tract. Steroids and birth control pills are also responsible for catalysing this growth.

The body's humoral response to the overgrowth is an immune reaction triggered by the macromolecules present in extracellular fluids. The glycoprotein immunoglobulin compounds of five classes, IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG and IgM which act as effector molecules in the humoral response to yeast infections. IgG makes up approximately 75% of the total immunoglobulins in the plasma of normal healthy people while the rest comprise the remaining 25%. The IgA antibody is present in both serum and secretory (sIgA) forms.

The IgG antibodies are generated by the plasma B cells after isotype switching and appear during the maturity of the antibody reaction after repeated contact with antigens. IgG mostly plays a role in secondary immune response due to its delayed appearance and is characterized by relatively high affinity and ability to exist for a longer time. The antibodies bind and coat the pathogens resulting in their immobilization and takeover by phagocytic immune cells. They also activate the immune protein production in the complement system which helps remove the pathogens. The humoral response to Candida albicans can be studied by enzyme immunoassays. IgA, IgG and IgM assays help detect antibodies against the fungus in human serum.

In healthy human beings, the antibodies are generally able to prevent the yeast infections from affecting other body organs. However, in immunocompromised patients, the fungus can reach the blood and cause Candidaemia. Inadequate and delayed treatment of the disease has been identified as one of the major reasons for increased mortality in hospitalized patients. It is there is extremely important that proper tests are conducted at the earliest and effective treatment initiated under expert guidance of specialist doctors without any delay.

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Food Allergies – Why You Get Them and How to Control Them

There are several different types of allergies including food and airborne allergies, and although they are increasing worldwide there is a lot we still do not know about them. We do know that an allergic reaction is triggered when the immune system mistakenly identifies an allergen as harmful. An allergen is a substance like mold, pollen or some substance in food that upon entering our body causes our immune system to release certain chemicals to attack the invader.

Allergy symptoms can cause naval passes to close, eyes and nose to water, skin to develop rashes and also cause problems in the digestive system. They can range from mild to very severe, and can also be life-threatening. It is always been thought that allergies are an issue that begins in childhood and lasts with us into our adult years, but that's not always the case.

There are adult-onset allergies that can hit at any time, and this too is unclear why. But it is interesting to note that most of these allergies that develop in our adult years are in our twenties through decades rather than in later years. It is thought that when we enter our later years are immune system actually weakens, and as a result the attack on the foreign invader also weakens. But this is yet only theory, as again the experts do not really know for sure.

One theory states that food allergies are on the increase because our food has less pollution than years ago. This cleaner food has fewer bacteria, making our food safer from contamination. But that also means that our immune system has not had to do enough, so when it finally does get something foreign it tends to overreact to the allergens. Then with the increase of pesticides in our food production system and genetically engineered foods our immune system becomes overwhelmed. In other words the experts do not really know so there is a lot of guessing going on.

Food allergies are in fact the most dangerous and they must be taken very seriously. This should not be confused with food intolerance, which is an entirely different subject. But certainly knowing foods that set off allergic reactions and avoiding those foods will treat a person's system of a lot of stress. Likewise it would probably not be wise to just leave it at that.

Understanding the necessity to maintain a healthy gut flora is certainly going to help in meeting any challenges for overall health, and this certainly includes our immune system. Overuse of antibiotics, high consumption of unhealthy fats and anything that kills the healthy bacteria that fights disease are things that will cause havoc with our gut flora. This in turn makes us suspectible to outside attack.

Processed foods, chlorinated tap water, grains, sugar and agricultural herbicides are all things we consume on a regular basis that kill these important gut bacteria. Even though there is still a lot we still must learn about the causes of allergies, we do know the importance healthy gut flora has in staving off food allergies.

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Pollen Allergies: Symptoms, Precautions and Cure With Air Purifiers

Are you sentenced to pollen or seasonal allergies?

Do you suffer from colds and sore throats often?

A large number of people suffer from pollen and seasonal allergies. Pollen spores are generally tiny powdery round or oval grains that are released from blooming plants. Although pollen spores are meant to fertilize other parts of the plant, they are transported further away by the wind or insects and found in the air that we breathe.

When these pollen spores enter the human body through our nose, throat or skin they can trigger a seasonal allergic reaction. Pollen allergies are seasonal and last for some or part of the year, mostly during the spring or fall. Pollen spores can travel a long distance by wind, and their levels in the air can vary from place to place.

Some of the common symptoms of pollen allergies are:
• Nasal congestion
• Sore itchy throat
• Cough
• Runny nose
• Sneezing
• Watery eyes

The eyes can also be affected which leads to redness of eyes, itching and even allergic conjunctivitis, Ie watering of eyes. A blocked or stuff nose can also result in a headache and you might also experience difficulty in sleeping.

Other symptoms also include allergic asthma, and hay fever (Allergic Rhinitis). Rhinitis is marked by the inflammation of the nose. Allergic Rhinitis can disturb sleep, affect concentration and impact general quality of life.

Treatment

Here are some precautions you can take indoors and outdoors to avoid the effects of a pollen allergy:
• Pets can be a carrier of pollen spores. If you allow pets to play outdoors, avoid
bringing them into your bedroom.

• Keeping the windows and doors in your home closed can also help prevent pollen
spores from coming inside.

• During pollen season, avoid using fans or opening windows in the attic.

• Dry your clothes in the machine dryer rather than hanging them outside.

• When you plan to go on a vacation during high pollen season, choose a place where
pollens levels are low, for instance beaches.

• Try not to be outdoors or keep your activities minimal during the early morning hours
as that is the time when pollen spores are most widespread.

• People allergic to pollen should keep their car windows closed when traveling.

• Those who suffer from pollen allergies, should avoid mowing the grass.

• If you do insist on maintaining your lawn and doing yard work yourself, do not forget to
wear a mask to protect yourself from pollen spores entering through your nose.

Apart from these precautions, there are various prescription medications that provide relief to allergy sufferers. There are alternative ways through which you can avoid pollen allergies and stay healthy such as by using a personal or home air purifier.

Avoiding airborne pollens and allergens all of the time can be difficult. Pollen is present everywhere you go. A high performance personal rechargeable air purifier that emits healthy negative ions can keep you safe from pollen spores. These negative ions force the pollen spores, dust mites, smoke, mold and viruses away from the users personal space.

While traveling, people who are allergic to pollen can use a travel air purifier by simply hanging it around their neck. The best part about using an air purifier is that you can go everywhere you want, perform your duties and day to day work without any worry. Personal air purifiers are also silent.

Whether you travel, work outside or visit your local grocery store; wearing a personal air purifier around your neck minimizes your chances of being affected by pollen spores and allow you to live a healthy and quality life.

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What Is a Food Allergy?

A food allergy is caused when the body's immune system triggers off an abnormal response to a certain type of food. The human body in general develops a high degree of tolerance to food in order to survive. Sometimes the presence of antigens in food components can cause a threat to the health of a person and that is when the body's immune system starts reacting in order to destroy the harmful substances and that causes an allergic reaction.

A food allergy can occur in different intensities ranging from mild reactions to those which can even be life threatening. It should not be confused with food intolerance. A food allergy can also be termed as food hypersensitivity because it is caused when the immune system identifies the ingested food as being harmful to the body and thus triggers off an allergic reaction.

The work of the immune system is to create food-specific antibodies to protect the body. These antibodies are actually proteins which fight the harmful antigens and try to destroy them or reduce their effectiveness. Allergens are the food which trigger the harmful reaction. Whenever this particular allergen is ingested by a person who is sensitive to it, the immune system discharges large amounts of chemicals and histamines to protect the body against the allergen. The resulting allergic reaction can affect the digestive tract, the respiratory tract, the skin and sometimes even the cardiovascular system.

Immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies are created by the immune system as a defense against ingested allergens. These are created when the person is first exposed to the allergen and these antibodies attach them to certain cells in tissues in the body, especially in areas like the gastrointestinal tract, the lungs, the nose, the throat and the skin. The next time the person eats the food with that particular allergen a reaction occurs as the body releases histamines and chemicals which are located in the body's cells. Symptoms such as inflammation occurs. The type of allergic reaction depends on which part of the body the chemicals have been released. A reaction in the gastro intestinal tract can cause stomach cramps or diarrhea. If the reaction occurs in the ears, nose or throat the person can face breathing difficulties or sneezing. If it affects the cells on the skin it can result in hives. There can be itching, redness and inflammation. Medication which block the release of histamines are used to treat IgE allergies.

On the other hand, Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies provide a long-term resistance to infection. These antibodies help combat viral and bacterial infections. The main cause of IgG food allergies are problems in the digestive tract. Most food allergies are IgG in nature. Complete removal of the problem food from the diet may improve the condition of the person. The IgG mediated allergies are classified as Type-III allergic reactions. These antibodies do not release histamines and the symptoms of the allergy are delayed. Sometimes the reactions occur even 72 hours after exposure to the antigen.

IgG mediated allergies do not have much in common with classic allergies and this is a topic for debate in the medical community. Both the IgG and the IgE antibodies help fight against invading pathogens.

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8 Tips For Reducing Seasonal Allergy Symptoms

Do you suffer from seasonal allergies? Mold spores or pollen from trees, grasses and weeds can leave you just as miserable as catching a cold. You can not cure your allergic reactions like you would a cold, but with medication and the right tactics you can survive the changing seasons almost symptom free. Here are 8 tips for reducing your exposure to airborne allergens:

Close the windows

When pollen season hits, you need to keep the allergens out of your home. Keep your windows shut during the daytime when pollen counts are higher. Air conditioning can help filter some of the irritants out while you keep cool. You can crack windows open on rainy days, which clean allergens and pollutants out of the air.

Clear the air

Invest in an air purifying device. It will remove allergens as well as other indoor pollutants, making it easier to breathe. It is recommended to keep one in your bedroom at night to prevent symptoms upon waking. You could also purchase a second one for your living area or just move your bedroom unit during the day.

Cover your face

If you are having a particularly bad reaction and you can not stop sneezing, wear a face mask rated for filtering contaminants in the air. You can also spend a few minutes breathing through a wet paper towel or dish cloth.

Suck it up

Vacuum your floors, furniture and curtains. While you're at it wipe down dusty surfaces, since dust is an allergen itself. Cleaning house will keep the allergen count down. During cleaning dust and pollen may be stirred up, so cover your face if you become symptomatic.

Wash it off

Take a shower. Airborne allergens stick to your skin and hair. When you can not bathe fully, washing your face will provide temporary relief. Wash up before bed and when coming in from the outdoors.

Do the laundry

Allergens will also permeate clothes in addition to skin and hair. Wash clothes in warm or hot water when possible. Dry laundry indoors to keep everything free from allergens. Change out after after spending time outside to minimize your exposure.

Change your bedding

Wash your sheets and pillowcases frequently to remove allergens. Use the hottest water setting you can remove pollen, spores, and dust mites. At the very least change your pillowcases in between laundry loads to reduce allergen buildup.

Go to the car wash

Some cities have enough pollen in the air that you can see a yellow, dusty coating on automobiles. Washing your car once a week or more will keep your symptoms under control when you hit the road. Go the extra mile and vacuum the interior to reduce the allergens on your clothes.

As it turns out there are many little ways for you to reign in your seasonal allergies. Basically, you need to keep everything around you clean. Your reward will be less of the irritating particles for you to breathe in. Hang in there and before you know it, the season will be over!

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